Of the many visas that are used to live and work in the USA, few are as sought-after as E-class visas. A perfect option for certain entrepreneurs and traders, E visas are relatively cheap to obtain (apart from your investment), don't require a job offer and can be renewed an unlimited number of times. But not every investor or trader is eligible. You must be from a treaty country to qualify. Read on to find out exactly what this means and which nations count as E-2 visa treaty countries.

Treaty Countries

Country Classification came into force
Albania E-2 January 04, 1998
Argentina E -1 December 20th, 1854
Argentina E-2 December 20th, 1854
Armenia E-2 March 29, 1996
Australia E-1 December 16, 1991
Australia E-2 December 27, 1991
Australia 12 E-3 September 2nd, 2005
Austria E- 1 May 27, 1931
Austria E-2 May 27, 1931
Azerbaijan E-2 2 of August 2001
Bahrain E-2 May 30th, 2001
Bangladesh E-2 July 25th, 1989
Belgium E-1 October 3rd, 1963
Belgium E-2 of October 3, 1963
Bolivia E-1 November 09, 1862
Bolivia 13 E-2 June 6th, 2001
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 E-1 November 15, 1982
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 E-2 November 15, 1982
Brunei E-1 July 11, 1853
Bulgaria E-2 2 of June 1954
Cameroon E-2 April 6th, 1989
Canada E-1 1st of January 1994
Canada E-2 January 1st, 1994
Chile E-1 1st of January 2004
Chile E-2 January 1st, 2004
China (Taiwan) 1 E-1 November 30, 1948
China (Taiwan) 1 E-2 November 30, 1948
Colombia E-1 June and 10, 1948
Colombia E-2 June 10, 1948
Congo (Brazzaville) E-2 August 13, 1994
Congo (Kinshasa) E-2 July 28, 1989
Costa Rica E-1 May 26, 1852
Costa Rica E-2 May 26th, 1852
Croatia 11 E-1 November 15, 1982
Croatia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982
Czech Republic 2 E-2 January 1st, 1993
Denmark 3 E-1 July 30, 1961
Denmark E-2 December 10th, 2008
Ecuador 14 E -2 May 11, 1997
Egypt E-2 June 27, 1992
Estonia E-1 May 22nd, 1926
Estonia E-2 February 16, 1997
Ethiopia E-1 October 8th, 1953
Ethiopia E-2 October 8th, 1953
Finland E-1 August 10th, 1934
Finland E-2 December 1st, 1992
France 4 E-1 December 21, 1960
France 4 E-2 December 21, 1960
Georgia E-2 August 17th, 1997
Germany E-1 July 14, 1956
Germany E-2 July 14, 1956
Greece E-1 October 13, 1954
Grenada E-2 March 3rd, 1989
Honduras E-1 July 19, 1928
Honduras E-2 July 19, 1928
Ireland E-1 September 14th, 1950
Ireland E-2 November 18th, 1992
Israel 15 E-1 April 3rd, 1954
Israel 15 E-2 May 1st, 2019
Italy E-1 July 26, 1949
Italy E-2 July 26, 1949
Jamaica E-2 March 7th, 1997
Japan 5 E -1 October 30th, 1953
Japan 5 E-2 October 30th, 1953
Jordan E-1 December 17th, 2001
Jordan E-2 December 17th, 2001
Kazakhstan E-2 January 12, 1994
Korea (South) E-1 November 7th, 1957
Korea (South) E-2 November 7th, 1957
Kosovo 11 E-1 November 15th, 1882
Kosovo 11 E-2 November 15th, 1882
Kyrgyzstan E-2 January 12, 1994
Latvia E-1 July 25th, 1928
Latvia E-2 of December 26, 1996
Liberia E-1 November 21, 1939
Liberia E-2 November 21, 1939
Lithuania E-2 November 22nd, 2001
Luxembourg E-1 March 28, 1963
Luxembourg E-2 March 28, 1963
Macedonia 11 E-1 November 15th, 1982
Macedonia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982
Mexico E-1 1st of January 1994
Mexico E-2 January 1st, 1994
Moldova E-2 November 25, 1994
Mongolia E-2 January 1st, 1997
Montenegro 11 E-1 November 15th, 1882
Montenegro 11 E-2 November 15th, 1882
Morocco E-2 May 29, 1991
The Netherlands 6 E-1 December 5th, 1957
The Netherlands 6 E-2 December 5th, 1957
New Zealand 16 E1 June 10th, 2019
New Zealand 16 E2 from June 10, 2019
Norway 7 E-1 January 18, 1928
Norway 7 E-2 January 18th, 1928
Oman E-1 ° from June 1, 1960
Oman E-2 June 11, 1960
Pakistan E-1 February 12, 1961
Pakistan E-2 February 12, 1961
Panama E-2 May 30, 1991
Paraguay E-1 March 07, 1860
Paraguay E-2 March 07, 1860
Philippines E-1 September 6, 1955
Philippines E-2 September 6, 1955
Poland E-1 August 6th, 1994
Poland E-2 August 6th, 1994
Romania E-2 January 15th, 1994
Senegal E-2 October 25th, 1990
Serbia 11 E-1 15 of November 1882
Serbia 11 E-2 15 of November 1882
Singapore E-1 1 of January 2004
Singapore E-2 January 1st, 2004
Slovak Republic 2 E-2 January 1st, 1993
Slovenia 11 E-1 November 15th, 1982
Slovenia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982
Spain 8 E-1 April 14th, 1903
Spain 8 E-2 April 14th, 1903
Sri Lanka E-2 May 1st, 1993
Suriname 9 E-1 February 10th, 1963
Suriname 9 E -2 February 10th, 1963
Sweden E-1 February 20th, 1992
Sweden E-2 February 20th, 1992
Switzerland E-1 November 8th, 1855
Switzerland E-2 November 8th, 1855
Thailand E-1 June 8th, 1968
Thailand E-2 June 8th, 1968
Togo E-1 February 5, 1967
Togo E-2 February 5, 1967
Trinidad and Tobago E-2 December 26, 1996
Tunis would E-2 February 7th, 1993
Turkey E-1 February 15th, 1933
Turkey E-2 May 18, 1990
Ukraine E-2 November 16, 1996
United Kingdom 10 E-1 July 03, 1815
United Kingdom 10 E-2 July 03, 1815
Yugoslavia 11 E-1 November 15th, 1882
Yugoslavia 11 E-2 November 15th, 1882

Country-specific footnotes

  1. China (Taiwan) - Pursuant to Section 6 of the Taiwan Relations Act, (TRA) Public Law 96-8, 93 Stat, 14, and Executive Order 12143, 44 FR 37191, this agreement which was entered into with the Taiwan authorities prior to January 1, 1979, is administered on a non-governmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a District of Columbia non-profit corporation, and does not constitute any recognition of the Taiwan authorities or the continuation of any official relationship with Taiwan.
  2. Czech Republic and Slovak Republic - The Treaty with the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic entered into force on December 19, 1992; it entered into force for the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic as separate states on January 1, 1993.
  3. Denmark - The Treaty that entered into force on July 30, 1961 does not apply to Greenland.
  4. France - The treaty, which entered into force on December 21, 1960, applies to the departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Réunion.
  5. Japan - The Treaty, which entered into force on October 30, 1953, was made applicable to the Bonin Islands on June 26, 1968 and to the Ryukyu Islands on May 15, 1972.
  6. The Netherlands - The Treaty, which entered into force on December 5, 1957, applies to Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
  7. Norway - The Treaty that entered into force on September 13, 1932 does not apply to Svalbard (Spitzbergen and some smaller islands).
  8. Spain - The Treaty, which entered into force on April 14, 1903, applies to all territories.
  9. Suriname - The Treaty with the Netherlands, which entered into force on December 5, 1957, became applicable to Suriname on February 10, 1963.
  10. United Kingdom - The Convention that entered into force on July 3, 1815 applied only to British territory in Europe (the British Isles (except the Republic of Ireland), the Channel Islands and Gibraltar) and to the "inhabitants" of that territory. This term, as used in the Convention, means "one who actually and permanently resides in a given place, and has his domicile there". In addition, to qualify for the status of treaty trader or treaty investor under this treaty, the foreigner must be a citizen of the United Kingdom. Individuals who have the nationality of Commonwealth members other than the United Kingdom do not qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty.
  11. Yugoslavia - The US view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has been dissolved and that the successors that previously constituted the SFRY - Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo continue to be bound by the treaty in force with the SFRY and the time of dissolution.
  12. The E-3 visa is for citizens of the Commonwealth of Australia who wish to enter the United States to perform services in a "specialty occupation". The term "specialty occupation" means an occupation that requires the theoretical and practical application of a highly specialized body of knowledge, and obtaining a bachelor's or higher degree in the specific specialty (or its equivalent) as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States. The definition is the same as the Immigration and Nationality Act's definition of an H-1B specialty occupation.
  13. Bolivia - Bolivian nationals with qualifying investments in place in the United States as of June 10, 2012 remain eligible for E-2 classification until June 10, 2022. The only nationals of Bolivia (other than those qualifying for derivative status based on a reported family relationship with an E-2 principal alien) who may qualify for E-2 visas at this time are those applicants who are coming to the United States to engage in E-2 activity in furtherance of covered investments established or acquired prior to June 10, 2012.
  14. Ecuadorian nationals with qualifying investments in force in the United States as of May 18, 2018 remain eligible for E-2 classification until May 18, 2028. The only nationals of Ecuador (other than those eligible for derivative status based on a family relationship with an E-2 principal alien) who may qualify for E-2 visas at this time are those applicants who are coming to the United States to engage in E-2 activity in furtherance of covered investments in establishment d or acquired prior to May 18, 2018.
  15. Israel: according to a treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation between the United States and Israel that entered into force on April 3, 1954, entitled citizens of Israel to E-1 status for treaty traders purposes. Citizens of Israel are not entitled to E-2 classification for treaty investor purposes under that treaty. Public Law 112-130 (June 8, 2012), grants citizens of Israel E-2 status for treaty investor purposes if the Government of Israel grants similar non-immigrant status to citizens of the United States. The Department confirmed that Israel offers reciprocal treaty investor treatment to U.S. citizens and the E-2 visa can be issued to citizens of Israel as of May 1, 2019.
  16. New Zealand: Public Law 115-226, enacted on August 1, 2018, granted New Zealand nationals E-1 and E-2 status for treaty negotiator/treaty investor purposes if the New Zealand government grants similar nonimmigrant status to United States nationals. The Department has confirmed that New Zealand offers similar non-immigrant status to US nationals and that E visas can be issued to New Zealand nationals from June 10, 2019.

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